Foot Care Tips for Diabetics

Those with diabetes know that feet are some of the most problematic areas of the body. Because diabetes restricts blood flow to the extremities, the feet can be deprived of oxygen as well as nutrients. This can make sores such as blisters, more difficult to heal. Nerve damage can lead to numbness in your feet. As a diabetic, your feet may also more prone to infections. Taking proper care of your feet will help ensure that you won’t experience any unexpected pain or injuries. Inspect your feet daily to note any changes or problems as soon as possible.

Wear the Right Shoes

Wearing proper footwear can greatly help reduce the incidence of blisters and foot pain. Sometimes even a slight rubbing can cause a blister, which can easily become infected. Make sure your shoes fit well and always wear socks with your shoes. Make sure you’re wearing the right size. If your toes are rubbing, you likely need a different size or style of shoes.

Heal Your Skin

The skin on your feet can easily become dried and cracked. This occurs due to high glucose levels. When the skin is cracked it can make it easy for bacteria to enter, which can lead to an infection. Soften dry skin using lotion on a daily basis. If you are spending time at the gym or pool, always wear sandals to prevent bacteria from getting in and causing an infection or wart.

Prevent Foot Fungus

Foot fungus, such as athlete’s foot, can cause problems for those who are diabetic. To prevent foot fungus you need to reduce the potential for bacteria. Always dry your feet thoroughly after showering, since bacteria thrive in warm, damp places. Use foot powder to keep your feet dry while you’re walking or exercising.

Do Gentle Exercises

Staying active can help keep your feet stretched and working properly. This can help to avoid injury. Choose a low impact type of exercise such as yoga or swimming. Be sure to start a new exercise program slowing and consult with your doctor before you begin your regime.



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Wear Fitted Orthotics

Fitted orthotics, shoe inserts, are designed specifically for your feet. They are made to measure and will take pressure off your feet in areas where it’s necessary. There are various benefits of wearing orthotics, if you have nerve pain, orthopedic inserts or shoes may offer some relief. Often these devices are covered through your insurance plan.

Keep Your Blood Sugar in Check

Watching your blood sugar levels can go a long way towards pain relief and management. Controlling blood sugar is the best way to prevent nerve pain and the symptoms of neuropathy (common symptoms are tingling, pain, and burning sensations).

Visit Your Doctor

Be sure to schedule regular doctor visits, even if you are feeling good. Your doctor will review your medications and help you monitor any changes in your symptoms. If symptoms are caught early, it can often lead to better control over your illness.

Keep Your Feet Clean

Keeping your feet clean and your nails trimmed is essential to good foot care. It is important to try to avoid the incidence of ingrown toenails, which can be dangerous to diabetics because of possible infection. If you do get an ingrown toenail, have it treated quickly. Any type of infection must be treated immediately by a doctor.

Resolve Foot Disorders

Diabetics may be more prone to foot problems like bunions, corns, and hammertoes. Hammertoe is a toe that has buckled under and is common in diabetics because of nerve damage. Have these issues looked at and resolved before they worsen. Wearing comfortable shoes will help keep corns and other foot problems from occurring.